Biography Of King Charles III
Early life, Education, and Family of King Charles III.
King Charles III was born on the 14th of November 1948, during the reign of his maternal grandfather, King George VI. He was the first son of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess f Edinburgh (later Queen Elizabeth II), and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His parents would have three more children, Anne (born in 1950), Andrew (born in 1960), and Edward (born in 1964).
On December 15, 1948, at the age of four weeks, he was christened in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher. In February 1952, after the death of his grandfather and his mother’s accession to the throne as Queen Elizabeth II, Charles became the heir.
Based on a charter from King Edward III in 1337, as the monarch’s eldest son, he automatically assumed the traditional titles of Duke of Cornwall and, in the Scottish nobility, the titles of Duke of Rothesay, and Earl of Carrick. Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and High Steward of Scotland.
On the 2nd of June 1953, Charles attended his mother’s coronation at Westminister Abbey. When Charles turned five, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed to oversee his education at Buckingham Palace.
On November 7, 1956, Charles began teaching at Hill House School in west London. He was the first apparent heir to attend school instead of being tutored. He received no preferential treatment from Stuart Townend, the school’s founder, and headmaster, who advised the Queen to let Charles coach football because boys were never respectful of anyone on the football field.
Charles then attended two of his father’s old schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Hampshire, England, from 1958, followed by Gordonstoun in north-east Scotland, where he began teaching in April 1962.
Jonathan Dimbleby’s Authorized 1994 biography of Charles described Elizabeth and Philip as physically and emotionally distant parents. Philip was accused of disregarding Charles’ sensitive nature and forcing him to go to Gordonstoun where he was bullied.
Although Charles Gordonstoun, known for his particularly rigorous curriculum, reportedly described him as ‘Colditz in kitts’, he later praised Gordonstoun, explaining that he cared so much about myself and my abilities and disabilities and taught me to accept challenges and take initiative.
In a 1975 interview, he said he was glad to have visited Gordonstoun and that the hardness of the place was greatly exaggerated. He spent two terms at the Timbertop campus in Geelong das Grammar School in Victoria, Australia in 1966, during which time he visited Papua New Guinea on a school trip with his history teacher, Michael Collins Persse.
In 1973, Charles described his time at Timbertop as the most enjoyable part of his entire apprenticeship. On his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father and became headmaster, leaving in 1967 with six GCE O Levels and two A Levels in History and French in classes B and C respectively.
Charles later commented on his early education, ‘I didn’t enjoy school as much as I might have but, that’s only because I’m happier at home than anywhere else.’ Charles broke with royal tradition for a second time when, after graduating from high school, he went straight to university instead of joining the British armed forces.
In October 1967 he was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied anthropology for the first part of Tripos and then switched to history for the second part. During his sophomore year, Charles attended the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, where he studied the Welsh language and history for a semester.
On 23 June 1970, he graduated from Cambridge University in with a 2:2 BA and became the first heir to the British throne to obtain a University degree. According to tradition, his BA was promoted to Master of Arts (MA Cantab) on 2nd August 1975 at Cambridge, the Master of Arts is not a postgraduate degree.
Poll before accession.
Before he acceded to the British throne, opinion polls put King Charles’s popularity among Britons at 42%, with a BMG. 2018 research poll found that 46% of Britons wanted Charles to abdicate in favor of William immediately upon his accession. A 2021 opinion poll found that 60% of the British public had a favorable opinion of him.
Coronation and Accession plans.
King Charles acceded to the British throne on September 8, 2022, following the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II. King Charles was the longest-serving heir to the British throne, surpassing 20 April 2011 broke Edward VII’s record. When he became monarch at the age of 73, he was the oldest person to do so, the previous record holder was Wilhelm IV, who became king in 1830 at the age of 64.
Plans for the coronation of King Charles have been in the making for many years, codenamed Operation Golden Orb. Reports before his accession indicated that King Charles’s coronation would be simpler and smaller than his mother’s in 1953, and the ceremony would be ‘shorter, smaller, less expensive, and more representative of different religions and community groups, in the consistent with the King’s desire to reflect the ethnic diversity of modern Britain.
The coronation, however, will be a Church of England ceremony and will require a coronation oath, anointing, presentation of the orb, and enthronement. There was speculation as to what royal name Charles would take over his succession to the throne.
In 2005, it was reported that King Charles had proposed reigning as George VII in honor of his grandfather, George VI, and avoiding affiliations with previous royals named Charles. King Charles’s office said no decision had been made at the time. Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II, Clarence House confirmed that King Charles would use the royal name ‘Charles III’.
King Charles delivered his first address to the nation on 9 September at 18:00 mourning the loss of his late mother and his eldest son William proclaimed Prince of Wales. On 10 September 2022, King Charles was publicly proclaimed King of the United Kingdom by the Accession Council. The ceremony was televised for the time.
Attendees included Queen Camilla, Prince William, then British Prime Minister Liz Truss, and their predecessors, John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, David Cameron, Theresa May, and Boris Johnson. Charles was proclaimed King of each of his kingdoms by the appropriate privy or executive council. The coronation of King Charles III and Camilla will take place on May 6, 2023, at Westminister Abbey.
The Built Environment.
King Charles III has been open about his interests and expressed views on architecture and town planning. He encouraged the advancement of New Classical Architecture, stating that he “cares deeply about issues such as the environment, architecture, inner city regeneration, and quality of life”.
In a speech marking the 150th anniversary of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) on May 30, 1984, he memorably described a planned extension of the National Gallery in London as “a monstrous carbuncle in the face of a dear friend” and lamented the ‘Glass stumps and concrete towers of modern architecture.
King Charles asserted that “it is possible and humanly important to respect old buildings, street plans, and traditional standards, while at the same time not feeling guilty about the preference for facades ornaments and soft materials”.
King Charles challenged the involvement of the local community in architectural decisions, asking why can’t we have these curves and arches expressing emotion in design. What is wrong? Why does everything have to be vertical? straight, inflexible, perfectly square, and functional?
King Charles helped establish a national foundation for Canada’s built environment after lamenting the wanton destruction of many of the country’s historic city centers in 1996. He offered to help the Department of Canadian Heritage create a trust modeled on Britain’s National Trust, a plan implemented with the passage of Canada’s federal budget in 2007.
In 1999 King Charles accepted the use of his title for the Prince of Wales Award for Municipal Heritage Leadership, given by the Heritage Canada Foundation to local governments that have demonstrated a sustained commitment to the preservation of historic sites.
In 2005, while visiting the United States and surveying the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina, King Charles received the National Building Museum’s Vincent Scully Award for his efforts in architecture. He donated $25,000 of the prize money to help restore storm-damaged communities.
King Charles was a patron of the Mihai Eminescu Trust, a Romanian conversation and regeneration organization, and has bought a house in Romania. The historian Tom Gallagher wrote in the Romanian newspaper România Liberă in 2006 that the monarchists of that country had offered King Charles the Romanian throne, an offer that “was reportedly rejected, but Buckingham Palace denied the reports.”
King Charles also has “a profound understanding of Islamic art and architecture” and was involved in the construction of a building and garden at the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies that combines Islamic and Oxford architectural styles.
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